THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION IN SOUTH AFRICA AND NIGERIA (PART 1)
Keywords:right to education, implementation, legislative measures
This is the first of the two articles dealing with the implementation of the right to education in South Africa and Nigeria. The article examines the meaning and the process of implementation of the right to education as well as the general nature of states’ obligations under the international human rights instruments regarding the right to education. The article examines the measures put in place at the international level towards realizing the right to education. While this first article examines legislative measures, the follow-up article examines the non-legislative measures, that is, administrative measures as well as other measures put in place to ensure the
implementation of the right to education. The right to education is an empowerment right which is given wide recognition in a number of important international and regional human rights instruments as well as in national constitutions. The article argues that in terms of the international human rights instruments, states are obliged to make primary, secondary and higher levels of education available, accessible, acceptable and adaptable to all in their territories. It posits that by having ratified those international agreements in which the right to education is guaranteed, both South Africa and Nigeria assumed obligations under international law enjoining them
to realize the right to education and to respect freedoms in education in their respective territories. It submits that, despite the international obligations and commitments to provide education for all, there is a significant gap between what is stipulated and the practical realities in the two countries.
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